The Debian Linux
There are many factors to consider when choosing a distribution; however, everyone’s needs and opinions are different. In actuality, most of the popular Linux distributions contain roughly the same set of software, so the distribution you select is more or less personal opinion.
Debian is a powerful GNU/Linux distribution created by Ian Murdock in 1993, initially under the sponsorship of the Free Software Foundation’s GNU project with a wide range of application or packages support. Debian has a very good user group and is popular among hackers. There are in fact many distributions as derivatives of Debian like the famous Ubuntu.
Debian can be installed from their download server at ftp://ftp.debian.org/pub/debian/stable. You can regularly get yourself updated from the Debian website too. Debian categorizes all its packages into five different subsets. Which are Required,Important, Standard, Optional and Extra. These packages include information about how it relates to the other packages included in the system. There are four package relationships in Debian GNU/Linux: conflicts, dependencies, recommendations and suggestions.
A conflict occurs when two or more packages cannot be installed on the same system at the same time. A dependency occurs when one package depends upon another package. The relationship where a package that recommends or suggests installation of other packages is recommendations and suggestions.